Haase, Hugo

(1863-1919)
   politician; first chairman of the USPD. Born to a Jewish merchant in East Prussia's Allenstein, he studied law before opening a legal practice in Königsberg. He thereafter gained renown defending the poor. Elected the first Social Democrat on Konigsberg's city council in 1894, he at-tracted national attention in 1904 with his defense of Otto Braun* (Prussia's* future Prime Minister). A voice of the SPD's orthodox wing, he served in the Reichstag* during 1897-1907 and, backed by August Bebel and Karl Kautsky, succeeded Paul Singer in 1911 as Party cochairman (with Bebel until 1913, then with Friedrich Ebert*). He was returned to the Reichstag in 1912 and remained in the chamber throughout the war.
   Although his Kantian humanism led Haase to oppose Party policy at the outbreak of World War I, he voted for war credits and kept his views private until the spring of 1915. But because of the war's length, his pacifism led him to resign from the SPD in March 1916. He served as cochairman of the new USPD from its founding until he died in November 1919, some weeks after being shot by an assassin. Highly ethical, he continued his law practice through-out his career and never accepted a salary from either party that he served.
   Haase was USPD spokesman during the Party's affiliation with the Council of People's Representatives.* A Party moderate, he supported parliamentary social democracy and argued in his last months for a pragmatism that rejected the adventurism of a putsch. His murder was a severe blow that set the USPD adrift.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Calkins, Hugo Haase; Morgan, Socialist Left.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HAASE, HUGO — (1863–1919), German socialist leader. Born in Allenstein, East Prussia, and a lawyer by profession, Haase became a socialist with a deeply humanitarian approach. He was first elected to the Reichstag as a Social Democrat in 1897 and after August… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hugo Haase — 1905 Hugo Haase (* 29. September 1863 in Allenstein, Ostpreußen; † 7. November 1919 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Jurist, Politiker und Pazifist. Er war von 1911 bis 1916 einer der beiden Vorsitzenden der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hugo Haase — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Haase. Hugo Haase Hugo Haase (né le 29 septembre 1863 à Allenstein, de nos jours Olsztyn, en Prusse Orientale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haase — ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hugo Haase — (September 29, 1863 – November 7, 1919) was a German politician, jurist and pacifist.BiographyHaase was born in Allenstein (Olsztyn), Province of Prussia, the son of Jewish shoemaker and small businessman, Nathan Haase, and Pauline Anker. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Hugo Haase (Karussellbauer) — Hugo Haase (* 1. Juni 1857 in Winsen (Luhe); † 13. September 1933 in Hannover) war ein deutscher Karussellbauer. Er revolutionierte in den Jahrzehnten um 1900 die Vergnügungsindustrie auf den Jahrmärkten Mitteleuropas. Er gilt als Schöpfer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haase — may refer to:* Barry Haase (born 1945), Australian politician * Haase (car), a Veteran Era car make *Curt Haase (1881–1943), German soldier *Ernie Haase, American tenor *Friedrich Haase (1827–1911), German actor *Friedrich Gottlob Haase… …   Wikipedia

  • Haase — Haase,   1) Friedrich, Schauspieler und Theaterleiter, * Berlin 1. 11. 1825, ✝ ebenda 17. 3. 1911; trat zuerst 1845 in Berlin auf, kam über Weimar nach Prag, München und Frankfurt am Main. 1867/68 leitete Haase das Hoftheater in Coburg, wo er als …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Haase — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronymie Curt Haase (1881 1943) est un Generaloberst allemand pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Hugo Haase (1863 1919) est un homme politique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Гаазе, Хуго — (Haase, Hugo) один из вождей бывшей независимой с. д. партии. До войны был вторым председателем (после Бебеля) немецкой с. д. Во время войны стал вождем умеренной оппозиции в с. д. После революции был в шестерке так называемых народных… …   Исторический справочник русского марксиста

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.